Top 5 Scientists In The World
The world today dwells in the abode of scientific advancement in different sectors of medical science, engineering and technology because of these top scientists who came up with ideas, beliefs, philosophies, experiments, surveys, redesigning of thoughts, and research to bring myths to reality. The present picture of the world that we see would not have transformed without the contribution and discoveries of these great personalities. So here are the top 5 scientists in the world.
5. Marie Curie Sklodowska (1867-1934 AD)
Marie Curie an Inventor and scientist Curie was born as the youngest of five children in the year 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. She has always remained a source of inspiration and motivation for different female scientists because of her determination to work. Marie Curie discovered two new chemical elements – radium and polonium and She carried out the first research into the treatment of tumors with radiation. She was the founder of the Curie Institutes, which is an important and well known medical research center.
In 1895, Wilhelm Roentgen had discovered mysterious X-rays, which could capture photographs of human bones beneath skin and muscle. The following year, Henri Becquerel had discovered that rays emitted by uranium could pass through metal, but Becquerel’s rays were not X-rays. Marie decided to investigate the rays from uranium and discoveries came to her thick and fast. She discovered many facts about Uranium of which we know today and also invented the first mobile X-ray machine which helped to check the injured soldiers in the battlefield.
Curie one of the best scientist in the world holds record for the first female to be awarded with a Nobel Prize in both physics and chemistry.
4. Nikola Tesla (1856 – 1943 AD)
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current electricity supply system, X rays, Radio, Remote Control, Laser, and electric motors. He was such a genius, sad that many others took the credit of his intelligence. Without a question, Tesla was a cool geek. He could recite a whole book completely just with one reading, speak 8 languages, make a device just by seeing it once and not writing down anything. A funny fact about him was that he was a celibate his whole life.
Tesla the fifth in this list of the top 5 scientists in the world worked on electromagnetism and AC current. He is credited with many patents from electricity to radio transmission and played a key role in the development of modern electricity.
In 1943, the Supreme Court of the United States credited him as being the inventor of the radio. Many of his achievements have been used, with some controversy, to support various pseudosciences, UFO theories, and early New Age occultism. Contemporary biographers of Tesla have regarded him as “The Father of Physics”, “The man who invented the twentieth century” and “the patron saint of modern electricity.” His life and his mindset are absolutely unique.
3. Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642 AD)
Galileo was an Italian physicist and astronomer. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the “father of modern observational astronomy”, the “father of modern physics”, the “father of science”, and “the Father of Modern Science.”
The motion of uniformly accelerated objects, taught in nearly all high school and introductory college physics courses, was studied by Galileo as the subject of kinematics. His contributions to observational astronomy include the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, named the Galilean moons in his honor, the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus and the observation and analysis of sunspots.
Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, improving compass design. Galileo’s championing of Copernicanism was controversial within his lifetime. The geocentric view had been dominant since the time of Aristotle, and the controversy caused by Galileo’s presentation of heliocentrism as proven fact resulted in the Catholic Church’s prohibiting its advocacy because it was not empirically proven at the time. Galileo was eventually forced to relinquish his heliocentrism and spent the last years of his life under house arrest on orders of the Holy Inquisition.
2. Albert Einstein (1879-1955 AD)
Born on March 14, 1879 at Ulm in Württemberg, Germany, Einstein is considered as one of the greatest revolutionary scientist the world has ever known. The “Man of Century” did some spectacular works in physics which makes him the father of modern physics for his enormous contribution in developing the general theory of relativity. The world’s most famous equation E=mc2 on which the bomb is based comes from his theory.
Einstein’s Special theory of relativity revolutionized physics which even challenged the scientists at CERN. This rare genius was awarded Nobel Prize in 1921 ”For his work on theoretical physics, and for his discovery of the photoelectric effect”. Albert Einstein’s work on the nature of light are unparalleled and incomparable and his genius mind for the scientific advancement have caused immeasurable change to the world.
His personal life was as interesting as his professional as he married twice with his second wife being his cousin. Together with his intellect, he was also a celebrity with his flirtatious behavior that could impress any woman. He was known to have a good ear for music. In 1955, Einstein the fifth scientist in this list of the top 5 scientists in the world died in Princeton.
1. Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1726 AD)
Sir Isaac Newton born on 4 January 1643 in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England, was an English physicist and mathematician well known to be a polymath who made investigations into a wide range of subjects including mathematics, optics, physics, and astronomy. Sir Issac Newton one of the top 5 scientists in the world is best known for his law on gravitation and was also a poor student at school in his time. However, he loved making mechanical toys and models of windmills.
In mathematics, Newton demonstrated the generalized binomial theorem, developed the so-called “Newton’s method” for approximating the zeroes of a function, and also contributed to the study of power series. Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of the differential and integral calculus. He also contributed to the formation of power series.
In mechanics, He enunciated the principles of conservation of momentum and angular momentum. Also, In his Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, he laid the foundations for classical mechanics, explaining the law of gravity and the laws of motion and is well regarded as the Father of mechanics because of his great works and discoveries in the field. Sir Issac Newton is widely recognized as one of the best influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution.